PEDAGOGICAL ICT PRINCIPLES IN ROMANIA
Computer-based learning is spreading in the educational Romanian field as a demand of the innovative ongoing technology. Still, using ICT in teaching can also solve some problems in the learning process, like:

  • Increasing creativity and motivation of students;
  • Increasing autonomous learning;
  • Developing collaboration, socialization, learning communities.


Pedagogical ICT principles in Slovakia and in Czech Republic:
In big schools there are approximately 2 pupils per PC (notebooks are obtained mostly from projects). If number of pupils in a class is more than 24, the class must be divided into 2 groups.

Turkey:
In Turkey ICT practices are very popular among students. They are quite motivated in using ICT. But we have to guide them in using ICT. So, pedagogical approach is important when to take into account training through ICT. ICT should be used in areas which is necessary. I mean that we should not be involved in ICT fetish. Old teaching styles and the new ICT techniques should be combined accordingly. Also teaching through ICT should be start in appropriate ages. When students have basic skills we should provide that they meet ICT. Lastly we should use ICT in lectures in a way motivating students and making lectures more entertaining. With respect to ICT practices Turkey has a problem of big class size.

In teaching training it is integration not only using ICT in your teaching, however, it is tought but not applied in real life. Sequencing ICT into educative cycle. In-SET and pre-SET teachers should learn how not to be afraid to use ICT, 'domesticate' it. The content of ICT should have connection of everyday skills. Education should have cummulative ICT education included in the curriculum.

France :

French Teacher’s guide http://www.b2i.education.fr/

A group of teachers who have worked to revise reference materials have created a teacher’s guide for introducing the B2i programme in primary, middle and secondary schools. The guide was presented during the seminar and includes:
– an explanation of items
– recommended activities
– suggestions for assessing skills

Sweden:

We use networking as a method for sharing experiencies of pedagogic ICT-skills. We also have a federal program and resourcies for improving ICT-skills. When finishing this edacation the teacher gets a special certificate.
It has become important for schools and even municipalities to show a certain level of certificates for all teachers.

Pedagogical Principles: Scotland
Increasingly in Scotland the belief is that pedagogy should drive the use of ICT in education, rather than ICT for its own sake.
Therefore the training provided tries to focus on how to incorporate technical skills in teaching rather than simply teaching the skills. The focus is on the teaching strategy, as opposed to the technology. For example: demonstration and practice as a teaching strategy is common in many areas. But is a podcast a good way to demonstrate and practice. Yes, perhaps in some areas, but not in all. We like to focus on looking at the teaching strategy first and the medium of delivery second.
Some of the technical methodologies which are becoming incorporated in teaching delivery include:
· Podcasts
· Wikis
· Blogs
· Webquests
· Discussion boards
· Etc

Hungary

In Hungary ICT practices are also very popular among students. They are quite motivated in using ICT. But we have to guide them in using ICT.
Old teaching styles and the new ICT techniques should be combined accordingly.
We also have a state program and resourcies for how to improve ICT-skills for the teachers. When finishing this edacation the teacher gets a special certificate.
It is important for the schools to have more and more educated teachers from ITC.